LPWAN Cyber Security Risk Analysis: Building a Secure IQRF Solution

Bouzidi, Mohammed
Amro, Ahmed
Dalveren, Yaser
Cheikh, Faouzi Alaya
Derawi, Mohammad
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Low-power wide area network (LPWAN) technologies such as IQRF are becoming increasingly popular for a variety of Internet of Things (IoT) applications, including smart cities, industrial control, and home automation. However, LPWANs are vulnerable to cyber attacks that can disrupt the normal operation of the network or compromise sensitive information. Therefore, analyzing cybersecurity risks before deploying an LPWAN is essential, as it helps identify potential vulnerabilities and threats as well as allowing for proactive measures to be taken to secure the network and protect against potential attacks. In this paper, a security risk analysis of IQRF technology is conducted utilizing the failure mode effects analysis (FMEA) method. The results of this study indicate that the highest risk corresponds to four failure modes, namely compromised end nodes, a compromised coordinator, a compromised gateway and a compromised communication between nodes. Moreover, through this methodology, a qualitative risk evaluation is performed to identify potential security threats in the IQRF network and propose countermeasures to mitigate the risk of cyber attacks on IQRF networks
Open Access, Published by Sensors, https://doi.org/10.3390/s23042078, Mohammed Bouzidi, Mohammad Derawi, Department of Electronic Systems, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 2821 Gjøvik, Norway, Ahmed Amro, Department of Information Security and Communication Technology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 2821 Gjøvik, Norway, Yaser Dalveren, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Atilim University, Incek Golbasi, 06830 Ankara, Turkey, Faouzi Alaya Cheikh, Department of Computer Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 2821 Gjøvik, Norway.
LPWAN; Internet of Things (IoT); IQRF; FMEA; security