The Effects of Paddy Cultivation and Microbiota Members on Arsenic Accumulation in Rice Grain

Ömeroğlu, Esra Ersoy
Bayer, Aslı
Sudağıdan, Mert
Özalp, Veli Cengiz
Yaşa, İhsan
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Access to safe food is one of the most important issues. In this context, rice plays a prominent role. Because high levels of arsenic in rice grain are a potential concern for human health, in this study, we determined the amounts of arsenic in water and soil used in the rice development stage, changes in the arsC and mcrA genes using qRT-PCR, and the abundance and diversity (with metabarcoding) of the dominant microbiota. When the rice grain and husk samples were evaluated in terms of arsenic accumulation, the highest values (1.62 ppm) were obtained from areas where groundwater was used as irrigation water, whereas the lowest values (0.21 ppm) occurred in samples from the stream. It was observed that the abundance of the Comamonadaceae family and Limnohabitans genus members was at the highest level in groundwater during grain formation. As rice development progressed, arsenic accumulated in the roots, shoots, and rice grain. Although the highest arsC values were reached in the field where groundwater was used, methane production increased in areas where surface water sources were used. In order to provide arsenic-free rice consumption, the preferred soil, water source, microbiota members, rice type, and anthropogenic inputs for use on agricultural land should be evaluated rigorously.
Open Access, Published by Foods,, Esra Ersoy Omeroglu, Asli Bayer, Ihsan Yasa, Basic and Industrial Microbiology Section, Biology Department, Faculty of Science, Ege University, Bornova, 35100 Izmir, Türkiye, Mert Sudagidan, Veli Cengiz Ozalp, Department of Medical Biology, Medical School, Atilim University, 06830 Ankara, Türkiye.
Rice grain, arsenic, methane, metabarcoding, qRT-PCR, safe food