The Influence of Meteorological Parameters on PM10: A Statistical Analysis of an Urban and Rural Environment in Izmir/Türkiye

Birim, Necmiye Gülin
Turhan, Cihan
Atalay, Ali Serdar
Akkurt, Gülden Gökçen
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Air pollution is a substantial menace, especially in industrialized urban zones, which affects the balance of the environment, life of vital organisms and human health. Besides the main causes of air pollution such as dense urbanization, poor quality fuels and vehicle emissions, physical environment characteristics play an important role on air quality. Therefore, it is vital to understand the relationship between the characteristics of the natural environment and air quality. This study examines the correlations between the PM10 pollutant data and meteorological parameters such as temperature (Tair), relative humidity (RH), and wind speed (WS) and direction (WD) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 project. Two different zones (Vilayetler Evi as an urban zone and Sasalı Natural Life Park as a rural zone) of Izmir Province in Türkiye are used as a case study and the PM10 data is evaluated between 1 January 2017 and 31 December 2021. A one-tailed t-test is used in order to statistically determine the relationships between the PM10 pollutant data and meteorological parameters. As a further study, practical significance of the parameters is investigated via the effect size method and the results show that the RH is found to be the most influencing parameter on the PM10 for both zones, while Tair is found to be statistically non-significant.
Open Access, Published by Atmosphere,, Necmiye Gulin Birim, Gulden Gokcen Akkurt, Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Izmir Institute of Technology, 35430 Izmir, Türkiye, Cihan Turhan, Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Atılım University, 06830 Ankara, Türkiye, Ali Serdar Atalay, BitNet Corporation, 34782 Istanbul, Türkiye.
Meteorological parameters, statistical analysis, effect size, PM10, air quality