Inductance Measurement Methods for Surface-Mount Permanent Magnet Machines

Ertan, H. Bülent
Şahin, İlker
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IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
Analytical performance estimation of a permanent magnet (PM) motor requires an accurate equivalent circuit model. In a lumped electrical model of a PM motor, resistance and inductances appear as passive elements, which are used to represent the phase winding resistance, inductance, core loss, etc. There is currently no available standard for parameter measurement of PM motors. In the literature, there are many studies on inductance measurement. However, they are applied to different types of motors. The purpose of this study is to evaluate those different inductance measurement methods, on the same motors, to identify whether they lead to the same result. Also, it was aimed to find out the difficulties involved in the measurement process. This study concentrates on determining the $d$ -axis and $q$ -axis inductances of two different surface-mount PM motors at standstill and under running conditions. The standstill measurement methods evaluated include the “current decay” method and the “dc inductance bridge” method as well as more common methods. The dependence of the inductances on the current magnitude, frequency, and excitation signal waveform is investigated. Measurements with PWM and sinusoidal ac voltage excitation are found to give similar results. The tests indicated that the “current decay” method is prone to measurement errors especially when the phase resistance is low. It is discovered that inductance measurements from standstill tests are independent of frequency for all practical purposes. Next, the same inductances are measured, while the test motors are running. The methods considered include; inductance measurement from no-load test, zero power factor (PF) load test, and unity PF load test; while the machine is in generating mode. Furthermore, a new inductance measurement method is introduced where the measurement is made while the test motor is driven with a vector-controlled drive. Finally, inductance measurement results from different standstill tests and running tests are compared and evaluated.
Open Access; Published by IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT; 10.1109/TIM.2022.3225048; H. Bulent Ertan, Mechatronics Engineering Department, Atilim University, Ankara, Turkey; Ilker Sahin, AVL Powertrain Engineering Inc., Plymouth, MI, USA.
Brushless PM machines, inductance measurement, measurement standards, modeling, permanent magnet (PM) machines, servo motors, testing