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    Biosensor for ATP detection via aptamer-modified PDA@POSS nanoparticles synthesized in a microfluidic reactor
    (Microchimica Acta, 2024-02-23) Kibar, Güneş ; Şahinoğlu, O. Berkay ; Kılınçlı, Betül ; Erdem, E. Yegan ; Çetin, Barbaros ; Özalp, Veli Cengiz
    This study introduces aptamer-functionalized polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) nanoparticles for adenosine triphosphate (ATP) detection where the POSS nanoparticles were synthesized in a one-step, continuous flow microfluidic reactor utilizing thermal polymerization. A microemulsion containing POSS monomers was generated in the microfluidic reactor which was designed to prevent clogging by using a continuous oil flow around the emulsion during thermal polymerization. Surfaces of POSS nanoparticles were biomimetically modified by polydopamine. The aptamer sequence for ATP was successfully attached to POSS nanoparticles. The aptamer-modified POSS nanoparticles were tested for affinity-based biosensor applications using ATP as a model molecule. The nanoparticles were able to capture ATP molecules successfully with an affinity constant of 46.5 μM. Based on this result, it was shown, for the first time, that microfluidic synthesis of POSS nanoparticles can be utilized in designing aptamer-functionalized nanosystems for biosensor applications. The integration of POSS in biosensing technologies not only exemplifies the versatility and efficacy of these nanoparticles but also marks a significant contribution to the field of biorecognition and sample preparation.
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    Protective effects of hydrogen rich saline solution in rats with experimental myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury
    (Heliyon, 2023-11) Köksal, Zeynep ; Kurtipek, Ömer ; Arslan, Mustafa ; Doğan, Dursun Ali ; Yığman, Zeynep ; Özer, Abdullah
    Aim The aim of our study is to show whether the administration of hydrogen-rich saline solution (HRSS) intraperitoneally before left main coronary artery (LAD) ischemia protects the myocardium against ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. Materials and methods After ethics committee approval, 24 Wistar Albino rats were divided into 4 groups, 6 rats in each group. For experimental IR, myocardial ischemia was performed by LAD ligation. Left thoracotomy was performed without ischemia in the Control group (Group C). Left thoracotomy was performed without myocardial ischemia to the rats in the HRSS group, and HRSS was given intraperitoneally (ip) at a rate of 10 ml/kg throughout the procedure. In the MIR-HRSS group, a single dose of 10 ml/kg HRSS was administered 5 min before reperfusion. Histopathological and biochemical parameters were compared in myocardial tissue samples taken at the end of the reperfusion period. Results When the groups were compared among themselves in terms of TOS and TAS levels, there was a significant difference between the groups (p = 0.006, p = 0.002). The severity of cardiomyocyte degeneration was significantly greater in MIR group than that in the control and HRSS groups (p = 0.002 and p = 0.001, respectively), as well as severity score of cardiomyocyte degeneration was higher in MIR-HRSS group compared with HRSS group (p = 0.035). Conclusion Our study shows that HRSS is protective in IR injury, with the application of HRSS 5 min before reperfusion, interstitial edema severity, subendocardial haemorrhage are reduced, and oxidant status parameters are increased, while antioxidant status parameters are decreased. We believe that when it is supported by other studies, the protective effects of HRSS on IR damage will be shown in detail and its indications will be expanded.
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    The Effect of Sevoflurane and Fullerenol C 60 on the Liver and Kidney in Lower Extremity Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Mice with Streptozocin-Induced Diabetes
    (International Journal of Nanomedicine, 2023-11-12) Şengel, Necmiye ; Küçük, Ayşegül ; Özdemir, Çağrı ; Sezen, Şaban Cem ; Kip, Gülay ; Er, Fatma ; Dursun, Ali Doğan ; Polat, Yücel ; Kavutçu, Mustafa ; Arslan, Mustafa
    Objective: This study aimed to demonstrate whether fullerenol C60, sevoflurane anesthesia, or a combination of both had protective effects on the liver and kidneys in lower extremity ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in mice with streptozocin-induced diabetes. Methods: A total of 46 Swiss albino mice were divided into six groups as follows: control group (group C, n=7), diabetes group (group D, n=7), diabetes-ischemia/reperfusion (group DIR, n=8), diabetes-ischemia/reperfusion-fullerenol C60 (group DIR-FC60, n=8), diabetes-ischemia/reperfusion-sevoflurane (group DIR-S, n=8), and the diabetes-ischemia/reperfusion-fullerenol C60-sevoflurane (group DIR-S-FC60, n=8). Fullerenol C60 (100mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally 30 min before the ischemia-reperfusion procedure to the fullerenol groups (DIR-FC60 and DIR-S-FC60). In the DIR groups, 2 hours (h) ischemia-2h reperfusion periods were performed. In the sevoflurane groups, sevoflurane was applied during the ischemia-reperfusion period with 100% O2. Liver and kidney tissues were removed at the end of the reperfusion procedure for biochemical and histopathological examinations. Results: In liver tissue, hydropic degeneration, sinusoidal dilatation, pycnotic nuclei, prenecrotic cells, and mononuclear cell infiltration in parenchyma were significantly more frequent in group DIR than in groups D and group C. In terms of the histopathologic criteria examined, more positive results were seen in group DIR-FC60, and when group DIR-FC60 was compared with group DIR, the difference was significant. The best results in AST, ALT, glucose, TBARS levels, and SOD enzyme activities in liver tissue were in group DIR-FC60 compared with group DIR, followed by groups DIR-S-FC60 and DIR-S, respectively. Regarding TBARS levels and SOD enzyme activities in kidney tissue, the best results were in groups DIR-FC60, DIR-S-FC60, and DIR-S, respectively. Conclusion: According to our findings, it is clear that fullerenol C60 administered intraperitoneally 30 min before ischemia, alone or together with sevoflurane, reduces oxidative stress in distant organ damage caused by lower extremity IRI, and reduces liver and kidney tissue damage in histopathologic examinations.
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    Determination of Bacterial Diversity of Propolis Microbiota
    (Chemistry and Biodiversity, 2023-03) Ersoy-Ömeroğlu, Esra ; Arserim-Uçar, Dilhun Keriman ; Yeğin, Zeynep ; Çağlayan, Nevzat ; Zafer-Yurt, Mediha Nur ; Taşbaşı, Behiye Büşra ; Acar, Elif Esma ; Uçak, Samet ; Özalp, Veli Cengiz ; Sudağıdan, Mert
    Propolis is a natural resinous mixture produced by the excretions of honeybees. PCR amplification of the 16S rRNA gene region was achieved using DNA of pre-enriched propolis samples collected from Apis mellifera production hives (n=37) in Eastern Türkiye (Bingöl and its regions). Next-generation sequencing and metabarcoding techniques were used to identify bacterial communities in propolis samples. Firmicutes dominated the phylum structure, with Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Tenericutes, and Spirochaetes following. The top three bacterial families were Bacillaceae, Enterobacteriaceae, and Enterococcaceae. Bacillus (dominantly B. badius and B. thermolactis at the species level) was recognized at the genus level, followed by Enterococcus and Clostridium sensu stricto. Our study comprehensively identified the bacterial diversity of propolis samples. Further investigations targeting to enlighten the microbiota of propolis and its potential application fields are required to gain better insight into ecological, nutritional, and medicinal perspectives.
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    Clinical and Laboratory Evaluation of Acute Pericarditis Associated with Antinuclear Antibodies Positivity
    (Current Vascular Pharmacology, 2023-02-16) Dursun, Ali Doğan ; Sarıçam, Ersin ; Erdem, Hakan ; Türkmen-Sarıyıldız, Gülçin ; Özyer, Eşref Umut ; Bozkurt, Engin ; İlkay, Erdoğan ; Cantekin, Ömer Faruk
    Background: Up to 30% of patients with acute pericarditis develop recurrent pericarditis. Acute pericarditis may be a manifestation of an underlying systemic autoimmune disease. Therefore, we evaluated the characteristics of patients with acute pericarditis according to antinuclear antibodies (ANA) positivity/negativity. Methods: Participants with acute pericarditis and negative ANA (n=29), recurrent pericarditis with positive ANA (n=30) and healthy controls (n=11) were examined. The groups were compared using serum parameters (ANA, C-reactive protein, leucocyte count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, total antioxidant status, nitric oxide (NO), and oxidative stress index (OSI)) and imaging techniques (electrocardiogram, echocardiography, cardiovascular magnetic resonance, and venous Doppler ultrasound). Results: In females, acute pericarditis associated with ANA occurred more frequently (p<0.001). ANApositive acute pericarditis had significantly lower NO and OSI (p<0.05 and p<0.001, respectively) and pericardial inflammation on magnetic resonance. We found a pulmonary embolism in one patient with positive ANA. Slow venous flow (SVF) occurred more often in acute pericarditis associated with ANA than in the ANA-negative group on venous ultrasound (p<0.05). The prevalence of positive ANAs was 1.6 times higher among SVF patients than in controls. Conclusion: This study suggests that acute pericarditis associated with ANA is more common in middle- aged females. SVF and lower oxidative stress tests were more common in patients with ANAassociated acute pericarditis. Acute pericarditis associated with ANA could be considered as a hypercoagulable state. Therefore, all newly diagnosed pericarditis patients (especially females) should be checked for ANA positivity. Awareness of this coexistence should be promptly addressed to establish management strategies.