Department of Psychology

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    Gendered Self-Views Across 62 Countries: A Test of Competing Models
    (Social Psychological and Personality Science, 2023-09-01) Kosakowska-Berezecka, Natasza ; Bosson, Jennifer K. ; Jurek, Paweł ; Besta, Tomasz ; Olech, Michał ; Vandello, Joseph A. ; Bender, Michael ; Dandy, Justine ; Hoorens, Vera ; Jasinskaja-Lahti, Inga ; Mankowski, Eric ; Venäläinen, Satu ; Abuhamdeh, Sami ; Agyemang, Collins Badu ; Uslu-Akbaş, Gülçin ; Albayrak-Aydemir, Nihan ; Ammirati, Soline ; Anderson, Joel ; Anjum, Gulnaz ; Ariyanto, Amarina ; Aruta, John Jamir Benzon R. ; Ashraf, Mujeeba ; Bakaitytė, Aistė ; Becker, Maja ; Bertolli, Chiara ; Bërxulli, Dashamir ; Best, Deborah L. ; Bi, Chongzeng ; Block, Katharina ; Boehnke, Mandy ; Bongiorno, Renata ; Bosak, Janine ; Casini, Annalisa ; Chen, Qingwei ; Chi, Peilian ; Adoric, Vera Cubela ; Daalmans, Serena ; de Lemus, Soledad ; Dhakal, Sandesh ; Dvorianchikov, Nikolay ; Egami, Sonoko ; Etchezahar, Edgardo ; Esteves, Carla Sofia ; Froehlich, Laura ; Garcia-Sanchez, Efrain ; Gavreliuc, Alin ; Gavreliuc, Dana ; Gomez, Ángel ; Guizzo, Francesca ; Graf, Sylvie ; Greijdanus, Hedy ; Grigoryan, Ani ; Grzymała-Moszczyńska, Joanna ; Guerch, Keltouma ; Gustafsson Sendén, Marie ; Hale, Miriam-Linnea ; Hämer, Hannah ; Hirai, Mika ; Duc, Lam Hoang ; Hřebíčková, Martina ; Hutchings, Paul B. ; Jensen, Dorthe Høj ; Karabati, Serdar ; Kelmendi, Kaltrina ; Kengyel, Gabriella ; Khachatryan, Narine ; Ghazzawi, Rawan ; Kinahan, Mary ; Kirby, Teri A. ; Kovacs, Monika ; Kozlowski, Desiree ; Krivoshchekov, Vladislav ; Kryś, Kuba ; Kulich, Clara ; Kurosawa, Tai ; Lac An, Nhan Thi ; Labarthe-Carrara, Javier ; Lauri, Mary Anne ; Latu, Ioana ; Lawal, Abiodun Musbau ; Li, Junyi ; Lindner, Jana ; Lindqvist, Anna ; Maitner, Angela T. ; Makarova, Elena ; Makashvili, Ana ; Malayeri, Shera ; Malik, Sadia ; Mancini, Tiziana ; Manzi, Claudia ; Mari, Silvia ; Martiny, Sarah E. ; Mayer, Claude-Hélène ; Mihić, Vladimir ; Milošević Đorđević, Jasna ; Moreno-Bella, Eva ; Moscatelli, Silvia ; Moynihan, Andrew Bryan ; Muller, Dominique ; Narhetali, Erita ; Neto, Félix ; Noels, Kimberly A. ; Nyúl, Boglárka ; O’Connor, Emma C. ; Ochoa, Danielle P. ; Ohno, Sachiko ; Adebayo, Sulaiman Olanrewaju ; Osborne, Randall ; Pacilli, Maria Giuseppina ; Palacio, Jorge ; Patnaik, Snigdha ; Pavlopoulos, Vassilis ; Pérez de León, Pablo ; Piterová, Ivana ; Porto, Juliana Barreiros ; Puzio, Angelica ; Pyrkosz-Pacyna, Joanna ; Pérez, Erico Rentería ; Renström, Emma ; Rousseaux, Tiphaine ; Ryan, Michelle K. ; Safdar, Saba ; Sainz, Mario ; Salvati, Marco ; Samekin, Adil ; Schindler, Simon ; Sevincer, A. Timur ; Seydi, Masoumeh ; Shepherd, Debra ; Sherbaji, Sara ; Schmader, Toni ; Simão, Cláudia ; Sobhie, Rosita ; Sobiecki, Jurand ; Souza, Lucille De ; Sarter, Emma ; Sulejmanović, Dijana ; Sullivan, Katie E. ; Tatsumi, Mariko ; Tavitian-Elmadjian, Lucy ; Thakur, Suparna Jain ; Thi Mong Chi, Quang ; Torre, Beatriz ; Torres, Ana ; Torres, Claudio V. ; Türkoğlu, Beril ; Ungaretti, Joaquín ; Valshtein, Timothy ; Van Laar, Colette ; van der Noll, Jolanda ; Vasiutynskyi, Vadym ; Vauclair, Christin-Melanie ; Vohra, Neharika ; Walentynowicz, Marta ; Ward, Colleen ; Włodarczyk, Anna ; Yang, Yaping ; Yzerbyt, Vincent ; Zanello, Valeska ; Zapata-Calvente, Antonella Ludmila ; Zawisza, Magdalena ; Žukauskienė, Rita ; Żadkowska, Magdalena
    Social role theory posits that binary gender gaps in agency and communion should be larger in less egalitarian countries, reflecting these countries’ more pronounced sex-based power divisions. Conversely, evolutionary and self-construal theorists suggest that gender gaps in agency and communion should be larger in more egalitarian countries, reflecting the greater autonomy support and flexible self-construction processes present in these countries. Using data from 62 countries (N = 28,640) we examine binary gender gaps in agentic and communal self-views as a function of country-level objective gender equality (the Global Gender Gap Index) and subjective distributions of social power (the Power Distance Index). Findings show that in more egalitarian countries, gender gaps in agency are smaller, and gender gaps in communality are larger. These patterns are driven primarily by cross-country differences in men’s self-views, and by the PDI more robustly than the GGGI. We consider possible causes and implications of these findings.
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    Development of a Maternal Psychological Control Scale: A Study with Turkish University Students
    (Current Psychology, 2023-01-30) Metin-Orta, İrem ; Metin-Camgöz, Selin
    In the last few decades, parental control has received significant attention from scholars. In particular, much work has been dedicated to understanding psychological control, which is parental control intruding on the child’s emotional and psychological development. This study aimed to develop a maternal psychological control scale (MPCS) and to test its psychometric properties in a sample of Turkish university students. Data were collected from two separate samples comprising a total of 425 participants. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was employed in Study Sample 1(215) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted using Study Sample 2 (210) to verify the parental manipulation and disregard dimensions of the proposed scale. The findings revealed supportive evidence for two dimensions of the 18-item MPCS. The bivariate correlations revealed that the MPCS scores were moderately and positively correlated with loneliness scores, and those from an existing psychological control scale; however, they were negatively correlated with behavioral control and self-esteem scores. The MPCS developed in this study can be utilized by researchers, clinicians, and educators as an efficient instrument to assess emerging adults’ perceived psychological control. Overall, this study contributes to practitioners and researchers in the way that perceived parental psychological control is assessed in a wide range of populations.
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    Does Overparenting Hurt Working Turkish Mother’s Well-being? The Influence of Family-Work Conflict and Perceived Stress in Established Adulthood
    (Journal of Adult Development, 2023-03-15) Aydın, Eren Miski ; Metin-Orta, İrem ; Metin-Camgöz, Selin ; Aksan, Nazan
    Although extant research demonstrates the negative impact of overparenting on child well-being, there remains a paucity of evidence on the effect of overparenting on the parents’ own well-being. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of overparenting on parental well-being, and to explore the mechanisms through which overparenting influences the well-being of working mothers, particularly among established adults. Thus, we examined the serial mediation effects of perceived stress and family-to-work conflict (FWC) in overparenting and well-being linkage. With this aim, the data were collected from working mothers (N = 258) aged between 30 and 45, a period of in their lifespan generally characterized by efforts devoted to career and care. Via serial mediation analyses, the findings postulate that (a) overparenting relates to the well-being and perceived stress of working mothers, (b) perceived stress (both individually and jointly with FWC) mediates the relationship between overparenting and well-being, and (c) perceived stress and FWC serially mediate the association between overparenting and well-being. The findings provide evidence related to the well-being experiences of established adulthood women in struggling their career-and care crunch from a perspective of overparenting, stress, and family-to-work conflict.
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    Why Do Some Followers Remain Silent in Response to Abusive Supervision? A System Justification Perspective
    (European Management Journal, 2023-07-19) Metin-Camgöz, Selin ; Karapınar, Pınar Bayhan ; Ekmekçi, Özge Tayfur ; Metin-Orta, İrem ; Özbilgin, Mustafa
    This study investigates how the system justification motive manifests in employees’ voice/silence behavior at the workplace. It also explores the moderating effects of system justification on the linkage between abusive supervision and voice/silence behavior for blue- and white-collar employees. The field study generated responses from 905 employees in Turkey. Multi-group analysis reveals that the moderating effect of system justification motives varies by occupational class. In particular, the impact of abusive supervision on silence becomes more salient when white-collar employees endorse higher system justification motives. However, in the blue-collar sample, the absence of a moderating effect could be attributed to the strong main effect of system justification motives. The current study adds to the extant literature by applying a system justification perspective to voice and silence behavior by collar differences at work. It also provides important implications for managers in dealing with workplace mistreatment affecting all occupational groups, mainly when blue-collar employee silence is endemic and regulatory policies are inadequate.
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    Cyberloafing Behaviors among University Students: Their Relationships with Positive and Negative Affect
    (Current Psychology, 2023-05-15) Metin-Orta, İrem ; Demirtepe-Saygılı, Dilek
    With the technological advances, the use of digital devices, such as laptops, tablets, or smartphones in the educational setting has become prevalent among young people. Accordingly, there has been an increased concern among scholars on students’ in-class Internet use for personal purposes; namely, ‘cyberloafing’. Considerable research has demonstrated the adverse effects of in-class Internet use on students’ learning environment and academic performance. The present study particularly investigates the relationship between cyberloafing behaviors and positive and negative affect among university students. It examines five different online activities including sharing, shopping, real-time updating, accessing online content, and gaming/gambling separately to gain greater insight into students’ cyberloafing behaviors. The sample consisted of 267 undergraduate students who filled out questionnaires measuring cyberloafing behaviors, positive and negative affect, and demographical information including the use of the Internet and mobile technologies. The initial analyses showed that male students had higher scores in shopping, accessing online content, and gaming/gambling than females. The latent variable analysis revealed that among different activities of cyberloafing, accessing online content and gaming/gambling were positively correlated with positive affect, while sharing was positively associated with negative affect among students. The findings emphasize the importance of evaluating cyberloafing as a part of students’ psychological well-being rather than a variable merely related to academic achievement. The findings of the study also enlighten researchers and educators in developing appropriate policies and interventions to manage misuse of the Internet in class.